• For the first time in two decades, the total number of illegal immigrants has dropped significantly, from a high of 12 million in 2007 to 11.1 million in 2009.
• The average annual number of new illegal immigrants fell dramatically, from 850,000 in March 2005 to 300,000 in March 2009.
• Mexico remains the primary source of illegal immigration, with 60 percent; other Latin American nations represent 20 percent; and South and East Asia have 11 percent
For much of U.S. history, there were no legal limits on immigration, although rules for naturalization varied. During the colonial era, the English colonies in North America took land from Native Americans by both treaty and conquest, and then sought to attract other European immigrants as settlers. The colonial charters of Virginia and Maryland, for example, allowed government officials to admit and give property rights to “strangers and aliens.” In some colonies, governors and legislators naturalized entire groups of settlers by statute. In 1740 Parliament passed a law that enabled aliens who had lived in the colonies for seven years to become English subjects–if they were not Catholics.
The Constitution “was widely read in the antebellum era as making national citizenship derivative of state citizenship, except in cases
involving the naturalization of immigrants and the regulation of federal territories.” The Fourteenth Amendment nationalized the
definition of citizenship, rather than relying on the states, and it made state citizenship automatic upon residence in that state. Under
the Fourteenth Amendment, all persons “born or naturalized” in the United States and “subject to the jurisdiction thereof” are citizens of both the state in which they reside and the United States. Ratified in 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment was intended to overturn the Dred Scott ruling and protect former slaves, who were not recognized as citizens by Southern states even after the Civil War and emancipation.
Please read the whole piece. It is wonderful, informative and thoughtful.
The water shortage in California is nothing new. California has been fighting water shortages for decades. The problem is that California has faced the problem head on. For years they have talked about rationing. If rationing were the long term answer, wouldn’t the problem be fixed by now? To my mind, the problem is simple. There isn’t enough water. How do you get more water to California? One, you can pipe water in from elsewhere. I promise you that no state in the surrounding area is raising their hands shouting, please let me send water to California. Secondly, you can remove the salt from the ocean (desalination). Sure, there are some environmental issues which need to be discussed and figured out, but as I see it, this is the only realistic alternative.
California’s water conservation efforts amid a continuing drought slowed markedly in February, with water use declining by only 2.8 percent, state officials announced on Tuesday. They called the figure “dismal.”
Gov. Jerry Brown had called last year for a voluntary reduction in water use of 20 percent. While Californians exceeded that figure in December, a month when there was plentiful rain, the conservation rate fell under 9 percent in January, making the February figure even more alarming.
“I know many communities in the state stepped up since last summer and dramatically conserved water,” said Felicia Marcus, the head of the California State Water Resources Control Board. “But not enough communities in the state have saved enough water.”
Mr. Brown issued an executive order last week calling for a 25 percent mandatory statewide reduction in urban water use. The actual reduction will vary by community, based on per capita use. The state water resources board issued the latest conservation numbers Tuesday morning and was planning to propose preliminary targets for communities to meet later in the day; after a public discussion period, the plan will be voted on in early May.
Nonfarm payroll employment continued to edge up in June (+80,000), and the
unemployment rate was unchanged at 8.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Professional and business services added jobs,
and employment in other major industries changed little over the month. Continue reading Unemployment Numbers for June→